In the past 200 years, there have been many important inventions in the chocolate industry that completely revolutionized the way people could enjoy the Food of the Gods in a different way from the cold or hot drinking chocolate learned by the Maya and Aztecs. Here is a little timeline of the most important chocolate inventions during the Industrial Revolution in Europe:
1847: The first solid edible chocolate bar.
The history of candy bars actually began back in 1847. The first chocolate bar was made in Britain by Joseph Fry and his son, who pressed a paste made of cocoa powder and sugar into a bar shape. The chocolate bar was further developed in 1849 when John Cadbury introduced his brand of the chocolate bar.
1875: The first milk chocolate bar.
The first use of the term “milk chocolate” was for a beverage brought to London from Jamaica in 1687, but it was not until the Swiss inventor Daniel Peter successfully combined cocoa and milk, using the powdered milk patented by Henri Nestlè, in 1875 that the milk chocolate bar was invented.
1879: The conching machine.
Chocolate maker and inventor Rodolphe Lindt in Switzerland developed the conching machine in 1879. According to legend, on a Friday evening Lindt was frustrated with his lack of progress in producing higher quality chocolate. He left his factory and forgot to turn off his chocolate machines. When he arrived back in the factory on Monday morning, he found a smooth, velvety, shiny chocolate mass waiting for him in his conches. The longer stirring time had resulted not only in a smoother consistency, but also in a vast improvement in flavor.
1894: The first mass-produced and affordable chocolate.
The American company Hershey made the first mass-produced chocolate. Thanks to standardized and large-scale manufacturing processes, the company turned chocolate into an affordable product that consumers could enjoy.